Unit 3 Human Resource Management Assignment

Effective human resource management is critical to any organization’s success and long-term viability in the current business environment. The strategic approach to managing employees within a business that maximizes worker performance in line with organizational objectives is known as human resource management, or HRM. This article explores the complexities of human resource management (HRM), with particular emphasis on strategic human resource management (SHRM), HRM practices and activities, legal and ethical issues, technology’s involvement, HRM’s obstacles, upcoming advancements, and the field’s future.

Understanding Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management (HRM) is the strategic approach to effectively administer people within a company to optimize worker performance in alignment with organizational goals. It involves managing personnel within organizations, emphasizing procedures and guidelines to ensure the right people are hired, employee goals are coordinated with organizational objectives, and personnel and work environment are efficiently managed.

Management of Strategic Human Resources (SHRM)

HRM is elevated to a level where decisions are made with strategic considerations by Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). Achieving long-term objectives requires incorporating HRM practices into the organization’s overall business plan. The goal of SHRM is to align employee advancement and development with company goals in order to boost productivity and acquire a competitive edge. For SHRM to be successful, skilled employees must be developed and retained, and HR practices must be in line with the organization’s strategic goals.

HRM Activities and Procedures

  1. Hiring and Choosing: Effective recruiting and selection are essential for ensuring the right people are employed, thereby contributing to organizational success. This process involves identifying job openings, analyzing job specifications, attracting candidates, and selecting the best ones through various techniques such as evaluations, background checks, and interviews.
  2. Education and Training: This component focuses on enhancing employees’ skills, knowledge, and competencies. While development aims at long-term capabilities, training focuses on improving short-term skills. Techniques vary and include e-learning, on-the-job training, and conventional classroom instruction, tailored to both company goals and individual career advancement.
  3. Management of Performance: Performance management is an ongoing process that includes evaluating progress, providing feedback, and helping employees develop goals aligned with the company’s objectives. Effective performance management involves performance reviews, identifying strong performers, promoting improved communication, and enhancing organizational performance.
  4. Pay and Perquisites: A well-designed pay and benefits package is crucial for talent attraction, retention, and motivation. This encompasses pay, bonuses, health insurance, retirement plans, and other benefits. Competitive pay is essential for retaining and satisfying employees.

Legal and Ethical Issues in HRM

HRM is subject to various legal legislation and ethical considerations that significantly impact the landscape. Laws such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA), and the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) establish standards for discrimination, pay, and workplace safety. Ethical considerations include maintaining confidentiality, addressing conflicts of interest, and ensuring fair recruiting methods. Promoting diversity and inclusion is not only required by law but also morally right, fostering a more creative and dynamic workplace.

Technology in Human Resource Management

Technological advancements have revolutionized HRM practices, enhancing process efficiency and data-driven decision-making. HR Information Systems (HRIS) provide a comprehensive platform for managing payroll, benefits administration, employee data, and hiring procedures. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning are increasingly utilized in the hiring process for resume evaluation and candidate fit assessment. E-learning systems enable flexible and customized learning experiences for staff training. Technology’s influence on HRM practices is expected to increase further, allowing for more strategic and knowledgeable decision-making.

Challenges in HRM

In the dynamic and globalized business world, HRM faces various challenges:

  1. Globalization: HR strategies must be flexible to manage a diverse workforce across cultural and legal systems.
  2. Talent Management and Retention: Attracting and retaining top talent is essential in a competitive employment market. HRM needs to devise plans for employee engagement, career advancement, and competitive pay.
  3. Changing Workforce Dynamics and Adaptation: Flexible HR methods are required due to the rise of remote work, the gig economy, and evolving employee expectations.

Prospective Developments in Human Resource Management

Future developments expected to influence HRM include:

  1. Enhanced Attention to Employee Experience: Organizations will continue to emphasize the importance of creating a happy, exciting, and rewarding work environment to attract and retain talent.
  2. Increased Use of Data Analytics: HR decision-makers will increasingly rely on data analytics for tasks such as performance management, retention, and recruitment.
  3. Stress on Learning and Development: Maintaining a competitive edge will require ongoing education and skill development, with technology playing a critical role in providing individualized learning opportunities.


In summary, human resource management is essential to an organization’s ability to succeed and last. As HRM navigates shifting workplace dynamics, technological improvements, and legal complications, its strategic significance is expected to grow. A move toward data-driven decision-making, a focus on the employee experience, and strategic alignment with organizational objectives are all necessary for the future of HRM. HRM has many obstacles to overcome, but it also offers a chance to change the workplace and guarantee corporate success in the global economy.


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  4. Stone, R. J., & Deadrick, D. L. (2015). Human Resource Management (8th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
  5. Armstrong, M., & Taylor, S. (2017). Armstrong’s Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice (14th ed.). Kogan Page.
  6. Cascio, W. F., & Boudreau, J. W. (2016). Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives (2nd ed.). Pearson FT Press.

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